How to Recognize Severe Dehydration and What to Do
Severe Dehydration: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Severe hydration is a medical emergency. You may need intravenous fluids in an emergency room and other treatments to avoid organ damage and other health complications if you experience severe dehydration. Children, older adults, and those who are pregnant are especially susceptible to serious health problems related to severe dehydration. It occurs when the body loses more fluids than it takes in. You can get a sense of how dehydrated you are by pinching or folding your skin between the pads of two fingers. If you pinch the skin on your arm, for example, it should quickly return to its normal appearance once you let go. The term for this kind of skin elasticity is turgor.
If you buy something through a link on this page, we may earn a small commission. How this works. Dehydration occurs when more water and fluids leave the body than enter it.
Dehydration is defined as the condition that results from excessive loss of body water 1. In severe acute malnutrition, dehydration is caused by untreated diarrhoeal disease which leads to the loss of water and electrolytes 2. Severe acute malnutrition and diarrhoeal disease run in a vicious cycle, each making the other more severe and more likely to occur. Diarrhoeal disease is caused by poor cleanliness and contact with contaminated food or water. It is widespread in developing countries where about one billion people do not have access to clean water and 2.